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Ethereum vs. Bitcoin: Comparison?

The unmatched bull run that sent Bitcoin and Ethereum prices to record highs at the end of 2017 has undoubtedly made them two of the most talked-about cryptocurrencies. However, each of these cryptocurrencies is one of the most popular and widely used, but their underlying technology is still relatively old.

Using their respective technologies, mining methods, charts, and alternatives let’s examine the key differences between Bitcoin and Ethereum.


Digital money, otherwise known as Bitcoin, is a peer-to-peer (P2P) system that allows instant and secure transactions between parties no matter where they are located at the time. As a result, Bitcoin is effectively digital money because you can transmit it to someone else anywhere in the world.

Satoshi Nakamoto, an unidentified individual (or group of individuals), published a whitepaper in October 2008 that served as the basis for the introduction of Bitcoin. The document’s actual name is Bitcoin, an electronic cash system that allows peer-to-peer transactions.

The foundation of Bitcoin is blockchain technology. Blockchain technology allows a public ledger of all transactions carried out in a system to be maintained. Because the ledger is shared across the entire network, updating one will update them all. 

A ledger is an open record of all transactions that have taken place in the past. In contrast, bitcoin miners confirm transactions to the network by including them in blocks, highlighting the importance of bitcoin mining.

In order to understand Bitcoin in its entirety, you must understand this. Blockchain transactions are added after they are published and included in mined blocks. Once this occurs, it cannot be undone or changed in any manner. Therefore, there will be no change to the public ledger, and it will be open to immediate verification.

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Bitcoin is considered a form of digital money, while Ethereum is a decentralized platform that executes smart contracts. The term refers to programs that execute exactly as intended without the risk of fraud, censorship, outages, or outside interference.

There is a key difference between Bitcoin and Ethereum in this regard. Rather than being a money system, Ethereum is a platform. There is a cryptocurrency called Ether (ETH) that it uses.

Decentralized software platforms such as Ethereum, launched in 2015, are among the most popular platforms for developing distributed applications (dApps) and smart contracts.

In 2010, Vitalik Buterin, a computer programmer from Toronto, Canada, came up with the concept for Ethereum. In its current form, the project was founded by Buterin, Mihai Alisie, Anthony Di Lorio, and Charles Hoskinson. 

As well as Gavin Wood and Joseph Lubin were mentioned as contributing to the project by Buterin. In the former, they published the Ethereum yellow paper, while in the latter, they founded ConsenSys, a company focused on decentralized applications.

Bitcoin versus Ethereum comparison

Bitcoin vs. Ethereum Mining

When comparing Bitcoin and Ethereum, paying particular attention to how mining functions in each is essential. Both Bitcoin and Ethereum are based on blockchain technology. Although their consensus methods differ significantly, there are significant differences between them. 

There is a difference between Ethereum and Bitcoin in how they verify the accuracy of the data being entered into the ledger due to the fact that they each have their own consensus algorithms.

A mining algorithm known as Proof of Work (PoW) is the basis of bitcoin mining. In this theory, the amount of computing a person does determine the likelihood of him mining a block. In addition to the mining reward, each cryptocurrency has a challenging cryptographic problem that the very first miner must solve. As a result of the PoW concept, each network miner competes with the other for computing resources.

On the other hand, Ethereum mining is based on a different method called Proof of Stake (PoS). Within this consensus method, the amount of stake a particular individual holds—or, in other words, how many coins he owns—determines how likely it is that a new block will be validated. 

A block reward is not given to block validators in the PoS algorithm; instead, they are compensated by collecting network fees. In the case of Ethereum, gas is the incentive. A deterministic process is used to select the creator of each new block with PoS, as there are no mathematical conundrums to solve.

The block time of Ethereum, which is the time required for a block to be validated, is relatively faster than Bitcoin’s. BitInfoCharts estimates Ethereum’s average block time to be approximately 25 seconds, while Bitcoin’s average block time is a little over eight minutes.

The Ethereum versus Bitcoin price comparison

Investing in cryptocurrencies is one of the things that the general public is most concerned about, particularly when it comes to pricing issues. Of course, Bitcoin and Ethereum have always been interesting to watch, but Bitcoin has consistently outperformed Ethereum.

In the first place, it’s imperative to keep in mind that Bitcoin has been around for much longer than Ethereum. For example, the former was released in 2015, whereas the latter was released in 2016.

The price of bitcoin peaked near $20,000 early in January 2018. This culmination of a historic price increase that took place throughout 2017, particularly during the final few months. Compared to its original price of $900, Bitcoin had increased in value by more than 20 times by year’s end.

The price of ETH also soared in 2017, reaching a high of around $1,400 after starting the year below $10. There was a 140x increase in value, which was much higher than the price rise for Bitcoin.

Since 2018, cryptocurrency investors have had less chance to profit from the BTC vs. ETH comparison. 2017 was the year when currencies increased the most, but 2018 will be the year when currencies decrease

One bitcoin has fallen by over 70% since reaching its all-time high, and it is currently trading at approximately $4,280. In contrast, ETH has completely collapsed; it is currently trading at roughly $120, down more than 90% from its high. Further, Ripple (XRP) now ranks second in terms of cryptocurrency volume behind Ethereum (ETH).

Alternatives to Bitcoin

In addition to Bitcoin, several other cryptocurrencies have grown in popularity and value over time. Among them, Bitcoin Cash (BCH) is the one with the largest market capitalization.

As a result of a hard fork (network split), Bitcoin Cash was created on August 1st, 2017. To put it simply, some members of the Bitcoin community were in favor of increasing the block size. In the wake of the change, the network was divided into two.

Litecoin cryptocurrency (LTC) is another popular Bitcoin substitute. Peer-to-peer transactions are also made possible with this digital currency, which allows payments to be made instantly and inexpensively to anyone on the planet.

The Monero (XRM) cryptocurrency is another alternative to Bitcoin. It is a cryptocurrency that prioritizes safety, privacy, and the claim that it can’t be tracked.

Bitcoin has long been the market leader, making up around half of the total market capitalization of all coins, despite many other coins being available.

Alternatives to Ethereum

We have outlined Ethereum as a platform rather than a digital currency. Due to this, we would be considering different systems that make it possible to build decentralized applications.

The internal conflicts within Ethereum are similar to those that exist within Bitcoin and Bitcoin Cash. It is known that Ethereum Classic (ETC) is one of the most popular Ethereum alternatives. The result of a hard fork in the network is divided into two.

One of the most popular Ethereum alternatives is NEO. As a dedicated, open-source blockchain-based project, NEO blockchain is sometimes referred to as the “Chinese Ethereum.”

The Stratis (STRAT) platform also competes with Ethereum. In addition, C# is supported, which is compatible with Microsoft’s. Net framework. As a result, blockchain applications written in C# will be able to access the network end-to-end through the network.


There is clearly a great deal to learn about Bitcoin and Ethereum. Despite their widespread belief that they are the two most significant digital currencies, they are, in fact, quite different.

Before investing in bitcoin, it is essential to understand these key distinctions. Even though they are frequently referred to as currencies, several of the top projects based on market capitalization have their own names.

More than 2,000 initiatives exist in this space, each with its own unique requirements. Bitcoin and Ethereum are two of the best-known. Investing in cryptocurrencies requires thorough research to ensure that you understand the project’s requirements and growth potential so that you can make a wise investment.

Before investing in bitcoin, it is essential to understand these key distinctions. A few of the most significant projects in terms of market capitalization